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Becoming a citizen by conferral is a common way to become an Australian citizen. You need to be a permanent resident and meet certain criteria before you can apply.

Become and Australian citizen (by conferral)  - Permanent residents or New Zealand citizens

This is for:

  • Australian permanent residents aged 18-59
  • children aged 16 or 17
  • children 15 years or younger applying with a parent or guardian
  • Commonwealth Child Migration Scheme migrants
  • eligible New Zealand citizens
  • partners or spouses of an Australian citizen
  • refugees or humanitarian migrants

You must

  • be a permanent resident or eligible New Zealand citizen when you apply and when the department decide your application
  • be in Australia when the department decide on your application in most cases
  • have spent time in Australia and know about our country
  • intend to live in Australia or maintain a lasting link with Australia while overseas

Things to note

  • This information is for people 59 years old and under. If you are 60 years old or older, see Persons 60 years and older.
  • You can include a dependent child aged 15 or younger in your application. With permission from a responsible parent, a child 15 years or younger can apply on their own. The child must be a permanent resident.
  • You cannot include a dependent child aged 16 or 17 on your application. They must apply on their own by following the process outlined on this page. The child must be a permanent resident.

Cost

AUD285; no cost for a child under 16 years applying with a parent. Other exemptions and concessions apply.

Become an Australian citizen (by conferral)

Become an Australian citizen (by conferral) - Person 60 years or over

This is for:

  • permanent residents aged 60 years or over
  • Commonwealth Child Migration Scheme migrants
  • eligible New Zealand citizens
  • partners or spouses of an Australian citizen
  • refugees or humanitarian migrants

Things to note

  • This information is for people 60 years or over. If you are 59 years or younger, see Permanent residents and eligible New Zealand citizens.
  • You can include a dependent child aged 15 or younger in your application.
  • You cannot include a dependent child aged 16 or 17 on your citizenship application. They must apply on their own.
  • You do not need to sit the citizenship test

Eligibility criteria

  • be a permanent resident or eligible New Zealand citizen when you apply and when the department decide your application
  • be in Australia when the department decide on your application, in most cases
  • intend to live in Australia or maintain a lasting link with Australia while overseas

Cost

AUD180, AUD20 for some concession holders; No cost for children under 16 included on a parent's application form. Other fee exemptionsapply.

Become an Australian citizen (by descent) - Your parent was an Australian citizen when you were born overseas

This is for:

  • people born overseas to a parent who is or was an Australian citizen and for parents to register a child born overseas

You must

  • have been born outside Australia
  • ensure that the person you are claiming descent from was your parent at the time of your birth and was also an Australian citizen at the time of your birth
  • be of good character if you are 18 years old or over when you apply

Things to note

  • if you are already an Australian citizen and need proof, apply for Evidence of Australian citizenship
  • if you are 15 years of age or younger, your parent must sign your application
  • the department cannot grant you a bridging visa for this application

Cost

AUD230; AUD95 for each sibling who applies at the same time as you.

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